The past 20 years have seen significant progress towards gender equality, together with an increasing awareness that the achievement of gender equality is a prerequisite for sustainable development. There is a growing consensus that educating and employing larger numbers of women can lead to economic growth. Yet despite this progress, women’s professional prospects are still far from equal to those of their male counterparts.
The markets closed out the year significantly down and 2018 officially became the worst year on record since the Financial Crisis. A general climate of gloom prevails, in sharp contrast with the optimistic beginning of 2018.
Until a green and social sovereign bond market develops – something that Mirova actively promotes and encourages – Mirova has developed a sustainability analysis that would be used as a proxy for impacts and is integrated into Mirova’s responsible investment decision making process. Furthermore, the Energy & Climate risk score co-developed with Beyond Ratings would allow for the integration of material energy and climate related risks into the solvability of sovereign debt.
Mirova does not exclude any industry on principle. Within certain industries, however, case-by-case analysis may result in a “Risk” or “Negative” rating for all of the companies of that sector when practices do not provide an adequate level of assurance that the risks associated with the product are properly managed. “Risk” and “Negative” ratings mean that the issuer cannot be included in Mirova’s portfolios. The rating can nevertheless evolve following the evolution of the company
The green bond market has undergone rapid expansion over the last five years. Given its still small size compared to the bond market as a whole, investors remain cautious regarding certain features of green bonds, such as the liquidity of the market.